The average cost to replace a home electrical panel is around $2,500.From complete replacements to part upgrades, your cost depends on whether you’re upgrading, replacing, rewiring, or relocating the panel. Here’s what to expect from the process.
You may need to replace an electrical panel due to damage, or you may simply be upgrading an older home or fixing a faulty breaker. Regardless, it’s worth the cost to replace an electrical pane to improve its functionality and safety.
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How does an electrical panel work?
Electrical panels deliver electricity from external power lines into your home. Energy travels from the panel to the outlets and devices inside your home before traveling back to the panel along neutral wires.
Typically, electrical panels are located in a centralized spot in the home to better reach the entire property.
You could face dangerous consequences if a panel is damaged or out of date, such as electrocution, overloading, surging, damaged appliances, and even fire.
Sometimes, you can replace faulty parts to fix problems with the electrical panel. You may need to rewire a breaker, for instance. Upgrading parts is usually cheaper than replacing the entire panel.
In some situations, however, you will need to completely replace the panel. If the system is too damaged or too outdated (farewell, fuse boxes!), you may need to purchase a new panel. If it is inconveniently located or not up to code, you may need to move the panel.
Don’t worry—we’ve got answers for every situation!
How much does it cost to replace an electrical panel?
The average cost to replace an electrical panel is $2,500, but you could pay as low as $800 or as high as $10,000 depending on whether you are replacing it with an identical one or upgrading to a new (more powerful) one.
If you are replacing a very simple 100 amp panel with no housing around it, you might pay as low as $800. To completely replace a panel with a new model and housing will cost about $2,500. To replace a 400 amp panel with new housing, you’ll pay at least $10,000.
Your cost also depends on the brand or manufacturer of the parts. For example, older systems like Federal Pacific and Zinsco may have design flaws or outdated parts that would be costly to source—or inappropriate to replace. Instead, you’ll need to replace the entire panel with new (costlier) parts from a reputable manufacturer like General Electric or Siemens.
Finally, GFCI (ground fault circuit interrupter) vs. AFCI (arc fault circuit interrupter) unit pricing may affect your cost. If your area requires one of these components, you may pay between $30 and $100 each. For this extra protection, you’ll pay up to 10x the price of a standard breaker. Your electrician should handle this but be aware there may be an extra cost.
Cost to replace an electrical panel
Depending size of the electrical panel, as well as the specs listed above, replacement costs will vary dramatically. Here’s a breakdown:
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What size electrical panel do I need? Ask a qualified electrician. In general, you will need at least 100 amps for a medium-sized home to power several 240-volt appliances. Remember that you must also adhere to local building codes. In some areas, the local codes dictate a minimum panel size of 200 amps.
Key Takeaway Think carefully about whether you want to upgrade a few parts or completely replace the electrical panel. By spending more money now, you could avoid problems in the future.
MORE:The best home emergency insurance
Cost to replace vs. upgrade an electrical panel
To upgrade an electrical panel with a few new parts, you will pay between $800 and $4,000.
If you must replace the entire system, expect to pay an additional $500 depending on your system or between $1,200 and $4,500 including labor.
You might be able to get away with updating components rather than replacing the entire panel. For instance, an electrician may identify the problem as needing new wiring or breakers.
However, you may not have a choice. There are two situations in which you may be required to replace the whole system. If an electrical panel is not meeting the needs of your home, you need to install one with greater amperage. If there is a safety problem or flaw in the current system, you need to replace the panel with a new one of the same amperage.
Cost to upgrade an electrical panel
If you’re concerned about futureproofing, a 200 amp system can handle enough electrical load for most dwellings. It will allow you to add more appliances without overloading your electrical system.
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When to upgrade your electrical panel
You should upgrade your electrical panel if:
It no longer functions or is faulty
It does not meet the city’s code standards
It is undersized to meet the home’s needs (or is operating at max capacity)
It is no longer safe due to smoke, fire, or other damage
You want to plan for a future project (in-ground pool, backyard workshop, mother-in-law suite, Airbnb, etc.)
Some clear signs indicate you should upgrade or replace an electrical panel. If circuit breakers are constantly tripping, it means that your electrical system is overloaded or there’s a problem. Flickering lights and newly installed appliances not running at peak efficiency are warning signs, too.
Get help from a professional to find out whether you should upgrade. An electrical panel upgrade inspection costs about $100 for up to an hour. They will inspect your electrical system visually and they may test the circuitry to determine the needs of your project.
Check your local guidelines—in some places you need to have a building code inspector present.
MORE:Home insurance terms you need to know
Cost of a new electrical panel
The price of a brand new electrical panel depends on the wiring for the panel, the unit size, the new housing box, and whether you’re leaving room for additional circuits in the future.
Here’s the average price range by amperage for materials only (not including labor):
100 amp box: $80 to $175
125 amp box: $115 to $250
150 amp box: $150 to $300
200 amp box: $300 to $400
Cost to install a new electrical panel
The cost to install a new electrical panel is between $320 and $1,200.
On top of materials, you will pay for labor. Hourly fees for licensed electricians range between $40 and $120 per hour, but the average is $100. The installation may take between 8 to 10 hours depending on complexity so you should expect to pay about $1,000 in labor costs.
Here are some of the tasks an electrician must perform:
Replace unit and wire correctly
Potentially open up a wall
Add switches and outlets(Video) Pricing Panel Changes, Electrical Estimating On the Electricians in Action Everyday @ 9:00 am
Drywalling to patch holes
Your price might be higher if:
The box must be moved to a new area
The wiring must be replaced
MORE:Pros and cons of bundling home and auto insurance
Cost to replace electrical panel components
If you do not need to replace the entire unit, you’ll save money! A qualified electrician can help assess your situation and determine if you should replace parts instead of the entire unit.
Here are a few electrical panel components that may need to be replaced and their cost:
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Cost to replace fuse box with a breaker panel
It costs between $1,500 and $4,500 to replace a fuse box with a breaker panel.
A fuse box and circuit breaker do the same thing: control the flow of electricity around your home. They keep your home safe by interrupting the flow if there is a surge that could damage the wiring or start a fire.
The difference is that a circuit breaker has a switch that trips to break the current, which is flipped to reset it. A fuse box has fuses with filament wire. If it gets overloaded, the wire will break and you must replace the fuse.
Fuse boxes are very uncommon since they were mostly installed in the 1960s. They can still function but modern electrical needs have outgrown most fuse boxes.
Overall, it is generally a good investment to replace a fuse box with a breaker panel—it might even be required by your local building code.
MORE:Can you negotiate upgrades on new construction homes?
Cost to move an electrical panel
It costs between $1,000 and $4,000 to move an electrical panel, depending on the complexity of the move. This is generally an extensive project that lasts several days. You’ll pay more if you need a new panel, new wiring in the home, and you’re moving it a long way.
Cost to rewire an electrical panel
It costs between $500 and $4,500 to rewire an electrical panel. Most of this fee is labor. This process can take several hours to complete. If you only need a few breakers rewired, your cost will be at the lower end.
Pro Tip Fraying, fire damage, melted plastic or metal—these are really dangerous! Don’t touch damaged parts and get new wires ASAP.(Video) 5 Signs it's time to upgrade the electrical panel
Enhancement and improvement costs
MORE:Tips for moving out of state
Additional considerations and costs
There are a few factors that may complicate your electrical panel replacement—and raise the cost.
Outdoor installation: You may need a master switch outside or to relocate it so that emergency workers can shut off power in an emergency
New problems: You may discover other problems (like worn-out outlets). Get a quote for the complete cost and try to take care of it all now.
Trench investment: For big upgrades, you’ll need to hire other professionals to dig the trench for laying the wires.
Permits: Panel work requires permits in some areas, which can cost between $30 and $300. Ask your electrician if this is included in your estimate or not.
Brands: Brands like GE, Siemens, and Leviton cost more but offer better warranty coverage.
Custom high amp box: For 300 or 400 amps, you will need a special box and approval from your utility company.
It’s not all bad news, though! A new electrical panel can increase the value of your home if you choose to sell in the future.
Don’t be tempted to DIY electrical panel repairs. It’s dangerous to do this type of work without training. You may have less warranty protection if you DIY. Plus, you will benefit from hiring someone who knows the current building codes.
You may be wondering if home insurance covers electrical panel replacement. The answer is probably no—unless the electrical panel suffered damage directly from a named peril.
MORE:The 16 perils of home insurance
Finding the right home insurance policy
Your house is more than a complicated mess of wires and drywall—it’s your home.
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For most electric panel replacement jobs, the cost is between $850 and $2,500. Your price will vary based on the amperage your home needs, and whether you're repairing or replacing your electrical panel.How much does it cost to redo electrical panel? ›
The average cost of an electrical panel upgrade is between $1,300 and $3,000. This is the typical range for upgrading from 100 amps to 200 amps; for smaller or larger upgrades, you may pay anywhere from $800–$4,000. Below are the factors that determine the total cost: Panel size: Panel size ranges from 60–400 amps.How much does it cost to replace a 200 amp electrical panel? ›
A 200AMP panel will start out a little closer to $3,500 and $6,000. For a service larger than 200 AMPs, I would expect it to cost no less than $6,500 but it could cost significantly more depending on specific needs.How much does it cost to upgrade electrical panel from fuses to breakers? ›
Replacing a fuse box with a circuit breaker box costs $1,500 to $2,000, though this price increases if the wiring requires a complete overhaul. Replacing a pre-existing fuse box with another fuse box of a similar type costs $200 to $2,000.How much does it cost to rewire a 1500 sq ft house? ›
|Square Feet||Average Cost|
Replacing an electrical panel can take between 4 and 8 hours, not including any additional rewiring or moving the panel. If the electrician needs to access wiring inside the walls, labor costs can increase, often from $100 to $450.Why does it cost so much to replace an electrical panel? ›
The price also varies from a main panel to a sub panel. However, one of the main reasons why an electrical panel upgrade is so costly is the actual panel itself. Today, most people upgrade because they require more power, therefore they need a panel with more amperage. The higher the amperage is, the higher the cost.How often should a home electrical panel be replaced? ›
The average panel can last anywhere from 20 to 30 years, depending on multiple factors. If your home experiences frequent power surges or if your panel has been subjected to wear and tear, a replacement may be needed sooner rather than later.Is it worth upgrading electrical panel? ›
Replacing your electrical panel will ensure you have an adequate supply of clean electricity whenever you need it. It will also help protect your electronics from damage and even eliminate one of the most common electrical fire hazards.How much does a 400 amp panel cost? ›
The cost to upgrade to a 400-amp service ranges from $1,500 to $4,000. This includes the panel at around $500, plus eight to 20 hours of labor to install the panel. The total for installation depends mostly on the setup. In some cases, your electrician will install two 200-amp panels, using one of them as a subpanel.
Most modern homes use 200 AMP panels. The main difference between the two types of panels is that 200 AMP panels have a higher capacity and can fit more circuits. 200 AMP panels are a good fit if you heat and cool your home using electricity.Can I change my 100 amp panel to 200 amp? ›
It is not possible to upgrade from 100 amps to 200 amps simply by replacing your breaker panel. To upgrade to 200 amps from a smaller service, you will need a new breaker panel, circuit breakers, meter socket, service conductors, grounding electrodes and bonding conductors.Do I need an electrician to replace a circuit breaker? ›
Having a licensed electrician replace your breaker will give you peace of mind, save you time, and could save you money by protecting you from property damage. While it may be tempting to do it yourself, most electrical projects are NOT DIY and require an expert.Will a new electrical panel save you money? ›
A new electrical panel can usually save you anywhere from 10 to 30% on your monthly electrical use, and this is because a newer panel will be designed to efficiently channel power to where it needs to be inside your home.
Yes, you can sell a house with an old fuse box. But should you? Selling an older home that still has its original wiring and an old fuse box may not be easy, but it's definitely doable.Can you rewire a house without removing walls? ›
As most homeowners are concerned with the disruptiveness of the process, a question electricians get a lot is “can a house be rewired without removing drywall?”. The answer is usually yes, and even a whole house rewiring can in some cases be done with minimum disruption.Does homeowners insurance cover rewiring a house? ›
Although most homeowners policies cover electrical wiring through dwelling insurance, there are cases where coverage may not apply. Depending on your home insurance choice, electrical wiring may need upgrading. You may have to make some changes for your new coverage to go live.Does a 1970s house need rewiring? ›
If a property is more than 30 years old and has the original wiring, it is likely to need updating, at least in part, to meet modern standards, including replacing the fuse box with a modern consumer unit. A sign a rewire is necessary, is dated rubber, fabric or lead-insulated cabling.How do I know if my electrical panels need replacing? ›
- Breakers Are Tripping. ...
- High Utility Bills. ...
- Your Lights Dim Often. ...
- You Smell a Burning Odor. ...
- Odd Sounds from the Panel. ...
- Rust and Corrosion. ...
- Your Home Is Older. ...
- Common Question.
Electric panels usually need to be replaced every 25-40 years. Even if the panel has not reached this age yet there may be warning signs that it needs replacement. These signs include: Flickering lights.
Typically, electric panels last 30-50 years, more or less. That means even the electrical panel in a house built as recently as the late 80s could be worn out, putting you at risk of an electrical fire.What is the difference between 100 amp and 200 amp panel? ›
A 200 amp electrical panel is larger and has more circuits, so it can handle more power than a 100 amp one. This allows it to use more of the electricity that enters your home from your energy provider to run your appliances and other equipment. A 200 amp panel is also more expensive.How many breakers does a 200 amp panel have? ›
How Many Breakers Are in a 200 Amp Panel? If you're using single-pole breakers, the panel will typically have 40 to 42 slots. When double pole breakers are used, the unit will have 20 slots.Why would you need a new electrical panel? ›
A new electrical panel ensures that your home will continue a steady flow of electricity. Not only will you eliminate problems with flickering lights and burnt-out appliances, but you will also be able to add more appliances without tripping your breaker, blowing fuses, or damaging current appliances.What is the difference between a breaker box and an electrical panel? ›
Circuit breakers are switches that open when too much current flows through them. They're also more convenient because you can easily reset them when they trip. An electrical panel is typically larger than a breaker box and contains multiple breakers, fuses, and fuse boxes.What electrical panel is the best? ›
- Schneider Electric 200 Amp Panel. Square D is a sub brand of Schneider Electric which is known for offering highly powerful offerings without charging a premium for the same including its electric panels. ...
- Siemens 200 Amp Panel. ...
- GE Energy 200-Amp Panel. ...
- Schneider 40 Space 200 Amp Panel.
Faulty electrical panels can send excessive electricity to appliances, causing them to overheat. An overloaded outlet can also lead to your appliances overheating. Poor connections and degraded wiring insulation are also culprits. If only one of your appliances tends to heat up, it's likely the problem itself.What is included in an electrical panel upgrade? ›
What is an electrical panel upgrade? An electrical panel upgrade is where a combination of panel wiring, breakers, or fuses are replaced. This replacement results in increased energy management efficiency of your home. This process is often referred to as a "Main Panel Upgrade" (MPU).How many amps should a house have? ›
Most homes require an electrical service of at least 100 amps. This is also the minimum panel amperage required by the National Electrical Code (NEC). A 100-amp service panel will typically provide enough power for a medium-sized home that includes several 240-volt appliances and central air-conditioning.How much does it cost to install a new breaker box? ›
If you're adding on to your home, building a new home, or installing a large appliance such as a hot tub or air conditioner, you might need to replace your circuit breaker. Installing a circuit breaker typically costs between $300 and $2,000.
“200-amp service will handle the same load as 100-amp service, plus electric appliances and electric heating/cooling equipment” (in a small to medium-sized home). “400-amp service is recommended for large homes with all-electric appliances and electric heating/cooling equipment.How do you tell if a panel is overloaded? ›
- Breaker constantly tripping. ...
- Breaker trips when a certain appliance is plugged in. ...
- Burning smell coming from the breaker box or outlet. ...
- Warm or hot electrical panel. ...
- Rust on the electrical panel. ...
- Flickering lights.
The size of the panel is usually based on when your home was constructed. Most homes built before 2015 have a 100Amp 30/60 circuit electrical panel. This means that the panel can theoretically supply up to 100Amps and fit 30 single breakers or 60 tandem breakers (2 breakers in one taking up only 1 space).How many circuits can I have in a 100 amp panel? ›
If you take a look at popular panel manufacturers, a typical 100 Amp panel supports at least 20 Circuits. So, this type of panel can support 20 regular or standard Circuit Breakers. As per NEC, the maximum number of breakers that a 100 Amp Panel can hold is 42.How much does it cost to upgrade electrical panel to 100 amps? ›
If your panel cannot handle this amp load, then you'll need to upgrade your system. If you are going to increase it by 100 amps, you can expect the upgrade to cost around $1,100 (CAD 1,400), but if you want to install a 400-amp panel, you can expect to pay around $4,000 (CAD 5,125).How much can a 200 amp panel handle? ›
A 200 Amp Panel Supports up to 48,000 Watts
For example, if you're using 120 volts, multiply that by 200 amps to get 24,000 watts; 240 volts x 200 amps equals 48,000 watts. Given the variability in voltage drop, which can be up to 3%, your household wattage can range from 44,600 to 48,000 watts.
With the right tools and electrical knowledge a homeowner can successfully install a new circuit breaker or replace a broken breaker in the breaker box.Is it easy to replace a breaker panel? ›
Safety Tip: Testing and replacing a circuit breaker is a simple process, but you should work carefully and use extreme caution, even if you have experience working with electricity. Always assume that wires are live. Never work in a circuit panel that is live. Always turn off the main circuit that feeds the panel box.Do electrical panels need maintenance? ›
In order to protect your building's electrical service panel, you need to maintain it regularly. This involves keeping the lid shut, and checking periodically for signs of rust, moisture, and dirt. Furthermore, you should have routine maintenance done by a professional electrician at least once every three years.Does rewiring a house add value? ›
Does rewiring a house add value? Updated electrical wiring improves the value of your property, as functional modern wiring is essential for any new homeowner. By having your property properly rewired, the value will increase.
No, you don't need to rewire your house to sell it. Strangely enough, electrical safety is not a legal requirement in the transfer of property ownership - but an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) may be requested by a buyer prior to an exchange of contracts.What year did they stop using fuses in houses? ›
NOTE: Beginning in the 1960s, fuse boxes were phased out in favor of electrical systems controlled by circuit breakers. It's important to replace an old fuse box with a circuit breaker system as soon as possible—not just for code compliance, but also for safety and convenience.Do I need to rewire my house before I sell it? ›
While nothing says you have to rewire your home to sell, you may want to so you can get as much money as possible out of the sale of your home.How often should a breaker panel be replaced? ›
The average panel can last anywhere from 20 to 30 years, depending on multiple factors. If your home experiences frequent power surges or if your panel has been subjected to wear and tear, a replacement may be needed sooner rather than later.How much does it cost to install a 100 amp sub panel? ›
The average cost of installing a subpanel is between $400 and $1,750, depending on the amperage and number of circuits installed. Typically subpanels have 4 to 20 or more circuits and between 100 and 150 amps.Why has my electricity gone off but my fuse box not tripped? ›
A circuit breaker can fail without tripping and is an indication it needs to be replaced. It can also mean there are wiring issues with the circuit itself, such as exposed/loose wiring, overheating, and unregulated voltage.How do you know if a circuit breaker needs to be replaced? ›
- Breaker trips frequently. ...
- Burning smell coming from the electrical panel. ...
- Poorly performing appliances and light fixtures. ...
- Breaker fails to stay in reset mode. ...
- Visible signs of physical damage. ...
- Aging circuit breaker.
- Find your current panel's amperage listed on its main breaker.
- When replacing your electrical panel, either match the amperage capacity of your current model, or upgrade if your power needs have grown.
Circuit breakers are switches that open when too much current flows through them. They're also more convenient because you can easily reset them when they trip. An electrical panel is typically larger than a breaker box and contains multiple breakers, fuses, and fuse boxes.How long does it take an electrician to replace a breaker? ›
To actually replace an ordinary household breaker only takes about 10 minutes, but the fault diagnosis, to determine why it needs replaced, might take longer.
Sometimes a defect panel overheats and the breakers can't trip or even be shut off manually. The result, wires melt and the panel could overheat and catch on fire. If your electrical panel is over 25 years old you should have it inspected by a professional electrician.How to upgrade from 100 to 200 amp service? ›
It is not possible to upgrade from 100 amps to 200 amps simply by replacing your breaker panel. To upgrade to 200 amps from a smaller service, you will need a new breaker panel, circuit breakers, meter socket, service conductors, grounding electrodes and bonding conductors.How much does a 200 amp panel cost? ›
If you live in an older home with a 100-amp or fewer service that's susceptible to overheating or a blown fuse, upgrading to a modern 200-amp circuit breaker can provide modern convenience and safety. Expect to spend $1,000 to $2,000 for this upgrade, or more if you opt for a higher amperage.Is 100 amp service enough for my house? ›
Most homes require an electrical service of at least 100 amps. This is also the minimum panel amperage required by the National Electrical Code (NEC). A 100-amp service panel will typically provide enough power for a medium-sized home that includes several 240-volt appliances and central air-conditioning.